Liddy Health and Fitness specializes in the prevention, and treatment of Sports Injuries.
Most commonly the injuries related to running, cycling and swimming.
Sports injuries have sidelined many athletes for games, seasons, and worse, careers.
Injuries are common while participating in organized sports, competitions, training routines, or fitness activities.
Poor training technique, inadequate warm-up, and lack of conditioning are a few of the causes of sports injuries.
Injuries can be caused by a combination of overtraining, imbalance, and specific injury. Fatigue and overuse are also significant contributors to an injury, and not excluding also the psychosocial aspects and dehydration that cause athletes to be prone to injuries.
Coping with sports injuries often requires physical rehabilitation. Physio therapy helps people rebuild strength and movement in parts of their body after an injury. Therapy can also help someone manage pain and prevent permanent damage and recurring problems.
Each sport carries its own risk of injury for the athlete.
Chiropractors are trained to help patients recover following an injury. As part of physio therapy, they can teach exercises, stretches, and techniques using specialized equipment to address problems.
Chiropractors will examine a patient to determine if there are weak or inflexible muscles in the body that could make you more prone to an injury.
Common Sports Injuries
According to the National Institutes of Health, the most common sports injuries include sprains, strains, knee injuries, swollen muscles, shin splints, fractures, and dislocations.
These injuries should be appropriately addressed in order to keep the athlete safe. It is useful to examine the biomechanics of an athlete participating in a particular sport.
This is very useful for repetitive-motion athletes like golfers, baseball’s pitchers, and tennis players. These are different sports, although they share similar biomechanical concepts. During their games, these athletes have to constantly go through the same motion, putting the same body structures through the same stress.
This motion often involves some sort of a loading or pre-swing phase, some sort of swing phase or throwing phase, and finally the ‘follow-through’ phase.
It is common for these athletes to develop similar injuries such as lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), inflammation or pain on the outside of the upper arm near the elbow; medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow), inflammation or pain on the inner side of the upper arm near the elbow; or “Tommy John” injury for pitchers, which is an injury to the ulnar collateral ligament of the elbow.
The biomechanics of these players need to be very precise during the game to avoid an excessive load of forces distributed to the wrong or same anatomical structure. For example, pitchers will focus too much on a particular anatomical part, such as the elbow, and neglect to appropriately use their legs. Thus the elbow now has to deal with over-excessive forces. In addition, athletes may neglect or struggle with a particular phase of their motion and expose a specific anatomic structure more.
Sports Injuries and Treatment
Chiropractors need to understand the involved and injured structure and the extent of the injury before treating it.
Rehabilitation of an injured athlete should carefully be evaluated on a daily basis. Injuries are time dependent, which means that the normal healing process follows a pattern of acute phase, subacute phase, and chronic phase.
Each phase dictates a different treatment approach and it is the chiropractor’s responsibility to accurately diagnose which phase and what treatment the patient should receive.
The acute phase involves the R.I.C.E. (Rest-Ice-Compression-Elevation) principle, which allows for healing to take place and controls inflammation.
Recently, the letter ‘P’ was added to this acronym, ‘PRICE’. The ‘P’ stands for protection and the ‘RICE’ principle has been around for quite some time now, but major advancements have been made recently in the area of prevention.
The subacute phase also is a control motion phase, however the athlete may carefully perform active-assisted range of motion exercises and strengthening exercises. And the chronic phase is a return to function phase in which the athlete progressively returns to pre-injury workout routines.
Through the years, therapists have been successfully able to log the ‘steps’ for each phase, thus now we have collective treatment protocols that have a complete analysis of what activities and treatments the athlete should be receiving based on his current phase.
In addition to injuries to muscles, joints, and bones, concussions are a hot topic in sports today. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that may result in extreme headaches, an altered level of alertness, or unconsciousness. It may result when the head hits an object or a moving object strikes the head. Athletes in all sports are at risk of a sports-related concussion, but the most at risk are athletes who participate in football, boxing, hockey, rugby, and snow skiing.
Concussions are one of the most difficult-to-manage injuries in sports today. Chiropractors are an integral part in the multidisciplinary approach to the identification and treatment of these injuries.
Prevention of Sports Injuries
Athletes can prevent some sports injuries with proper warm-up and stretching.
Seeing a Chiropractor prior to an injury becoming very severe can be beneficial as we can examine the patient and find areas that would need to be addressed.
Physicians, athletic trainers, and chiropractors continue to gain more knowledge in preventing and diagnosing sports injuries. Although some procedures would remain the standards of care, the means to address the injuries could change.
The Running Support Program offered at Elevation Fitness through Liddy Health & Fitness is specifically designed to help runners achieve performance goals while helping to identify, eliminate and prevent injuries many running athletes face.
The Running Support Program provides:
A comprehensive physical evaluation
Identification of any running injuries
Tips to avoid injury
Gait analysis -Orthotic evaluation
Help to achieve more efficient running
The most common injuries for runners are:
1. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome – Pain in and/or around the front of the knee or kneecap.
2. Iliotibial Band Syndrome – Pain along the outside of the knee or the thigh, after a run or climbing stairs. Typically an overuse injury, a tightening of the band of tissue which runs down the outside of the thigh and inserts into the outside of the knee.
3. Achilles Tendonitis – Another overuse injury. It is caused by degeneration of normal fiber tissue of the achilles tendon. This injury causes pain in the tendon of the calf above the heel.
4. Shin Splints – Symptoms are pain over the inner lower shin. Pain may decrease with activity but return the next morning. Pain is felt when pointing toes and foot away from the body.
5. Foot/Ankle/Heel Pain Plantar Faciitis – An irritation or swelling of the fascia on the bottom of the foot. The fascia is a tendon-like expansion running from the heel to the toes. Pain with first steps in the morning then less stiffness and pain after taking a few steps. May hurt more through the day, especially when climbing stairs, running or standing for a long time.
By understanding the anatomy, physiology and biomechanics involved in running, we identify the running injury and its cause. We treat running injuries by correcting posture and muscular imbalances. Using specific exercises, the runner builds strength while increasing flexibility. These services are available to runners of all levels, especially runners beginning training for marathons or half marathons.
Our experienced staff will give you information on how to avoid injury and improve running performance.